Major Brexit countries such as Boris Johnson and Jacob Rees-Mogg immediately criticised what was reported in the draft agreement and said it would keep the UK under EU control. The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement on the uk`s withdrawal from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. Following the agreement reached between EU and UK negotiators on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal, the European Commission, in its role as negotiator on behalf of the EU, recommended to the European Council that decisive progress had been made in the Brexit negotiations. Since then, Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, has hosted a summit of EU heads of state and government on Sunday (November 25th) that will bring together EU-27 heads of state and government to discuss the draft withdrawal agreement, and he is expected to approve the agreement politically. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The NI protocol, known as “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and applies unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will attempt to reach by December 31, 2020. The protocol provides that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as they do today, as well as the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply). Part 1 of the withdrawal agreement contains “common provisions.” They define their territorial scope, the main definitions and how the withdrawal agreement (and in particular its Community content) should enter into force in the United Kingdom.
An important difference from the draft withdrawal agreement in March 2018 is that Article 4 specifies that the entire withdrawal agreement (not just the second part on citizens` rights) must be immediate in the United Kingdom, where its provisions are clear, precise and unconditional. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The draft withdrawal agreement also contains an overview of the political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. Under Article 50, an agreement on future relations can only be negotiated once the UK has left the EU. However, a political statement setting out the general parameters of future future relations between the EU and the UK will be accompanied by the withdrawal agreement. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense.